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Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Burls of English Elm are frequently referred to as Carpathian Elm burl.

Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.

English Elm

  • Common Name(s): English Elm, Carpathian Elm

    Scientific Name: Ulmus procera 
    (sometimes treated as a synonym of U. minor)

    Distribution: Western Europe

    Tree Size: 80-115 ft (25-35 m) tall, 3-6 ft (1-2 m) trunk diameter

    Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (565 kg/m3)

    Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .57

    Janka Hardness: 810 lbf (3,620 N)

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