Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.
Common Name(s): Red Elm, Slippery Elm, Soft Elm
Scientific Name: Ulmus rubra
Distribution: Eastern to Midwest United States
Tree Size: 50-80 ft (15-24 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft3 (600 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .60
Janka Hardness: 860 lbf (3,830 N)